Endodontic Diagnosis/Pulp tests and etiology of pulpal inflammation.

By James R. Murrin, DDS, MS updated 4/5/2010 Before pulp vitality tests are conducted, dentists should examine periapical  radiographs of each tooth in the symptomatic area.  Radiographs of suspect teeth from multiple angles are helpful.  Bitewing radiographs may also be … Read More


Local Anesthesia

Achieving profound anesthesia for dental procedures



Comparison of triazolam, diazepam, and placebo as outpatient oral premedication for endodontic patients.

1: J Endod. 1997 Mar;23(3):181-4. Ehrich DG, Lundgren JP, Dionne RA, Nicoll BK, Hutter JW. Naval Dental School, Bethesda, MD, USA. Triazolam and diazepam were compared as oral antianxiety agents in a randomized double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical study of 79 endodontic … Read More


Re: antibiotic susceptibility of bacteria associated with endodontic abscesses

Most susceptibility testing of endodontic pathogens is outdated. There is increased concern that bacteria have increased resistance to the currently recommended antibiotics. A recent study conducted at the University of Oregon evaluated a panel of 89 species of anaerobic and … Read More



The impact of post space preparation with Gates-Glidden drills on residual dentin thickness in distal roots of mandibular molars

1: J Am Dent Assoc. 2004 Jul;135(7):903-9. Related Articles, Links Kuttler S, McLean A, Dorn S, Fischzang A. Department of Endodontics, Nova Southeastern University, Fort Lauderdale, FL, USA. BACKGROUND: Posts frequently are used to retain buildups. The authors examined the … Read More


Shaping & Cleaning

An in vitro comparison of new irrigation and agitation techniques to ultrasonic agitation in removing bacteria from a simulated root canal.

J Endod. 2009 Jul;35(7):1040-3. Townsend C, Maki J. Department of Graduate Endodontics, Marquette University, Milwaukee, WI 53233, USA. INTRODUCTION: This in vitro study compared 3 agitation and 2 irrigation devices to ultrasonic agitation at mechanically removing bacteria from a … Read More


Comparison of the Antimicrobial Efficacy of 1.3% NaOCl/BioPure MTAD to 5.25% NaOCl/15% EDTA for Root Canal Irrigation.

J Endod. 2007 Jan;33(1):48-51. Baumgartner JC, Johal S, Marshall JG. Department of Endodontology, OHSU School of Dentistry, Portland, Oregon. The purpose of this study was to compare the antimicrobial efficacy of 1.3% NaOCl/BioPure MTAD to 5.25% NaOCl/15% EDTA for root … Read More


The Effect of Mesio-Distal Chamber Dimension on Access Preparation in Mandibular Incisors

Journal of Endodontics. 31(2):88-90, February 2005. Nielsen, Christen John DMD, MS; Shahmohammadi, Kianor BS Abstract: Because the pulp chamber of a young mandibular incisor flares coronally in a mesio-distal dimension, the access form pictured by a number of authors is … Read More